Parasites and remedies to eliminate them.

 

Below please find the information about different type of herbs and remedies to take and to modify your diet accordingly to cleanse and stay free from the parasites infesting your body. 

 

Diet modifications: The diet plan should ensure avoidance of sugar, grains, soluble fiber, gums, prebiotics, and dairy products, since these contain fermentable carbohydrates that promote overgrowth of bacteria and other microorganisms in the gut. Short-term fasting starves intestinal microbes, temporarily eliminates dietary antigens, alleviates "autointoxication," and stimulates the humoral immune system in the gut to more effectively destroy local microbes.12,13 Thus, implementation of the "specific carbohydrate diet" popularized by Gottschall14 along with periodic fasting, which has obvious anti-inflammatory benefits,15 can be used therapeutically in patients with conditions associated with dysbiosis-induced inflammation. Plant-based low-carbohydrate diets can lead to favorable changes in the quality and quantity of intestinal microflora. Hypoallergenic diets are proven beneficial for the treatment of the immune complex disease called mixed cryoglobulinemia.16,17

 

Antimicrobial treatments ("poison the microbes, not the patient"): Antimicrobial herbs can be used which directly kill or strongly inhibit the intestinal microbes. The most commonly used and well-documented botanicals in this regard are listed in the section below. Antimicrobial treatment frequently is continued for one to three months, and co-administration of drugs can be utilized when appropriate. Sometimes antimicrobial drugs are necessary, especially for acute and severe infections; often nutritional and botanical interventions are safer and more effective. Although these herbs generally are taken orally, some of them also can be applied topically (in a cream or lotion), and nasally (in a saline water lavage). Botanical medicines generally are used in combination, and lower doses of each can be used when in combination compared to the doses that are necessary when the herbs are used in isolation. When provided, dosage recommendations are intended for otherwise healthy adults; lower doses might be appropriate for children, the elderly and patients with renal or hepatic insufficiency.

 

Oregano oil in an emulsified, time-released tablet: Botanical oils that are not emulsified do not attain maximal dispersion in the gastrointestinal tract; products that are not time-released might be absorbed before reaching the colon in sufficient concentrations. Emulsified oil of oregano in a time-released tablet is proven effective in the eradication of harmful gastrointestinal microbes, including Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba hartmanni, and Endolimax nana.18 An in vitro study19 and clinical experience support the use of emulsified oregano against Candida albicans. The common dose is 600 mg per day in divided doses (e.g., 150 mg four times per day) for at least six weeks.20

 

Berberine: Berberine is an alkaloid extracted from plants such as Berberis vulgaris and Hydrastis canadensis, and it shows effectiveness against Giardia, Candida, and Streptococcus, in addition to its direct anti-inflammatory and antidiarrheal actions. An oral dose of 400 mg per day is common for adults.21

 

Artemisia annua: Artemisinin has been used safely for centuries in Asia for the treatment of malaria,22,23 and it also has effectiveness against anaerobic bacteria, due to the pro-oxidative sesquiterpene endoperoxide. In a recent study treating patients with malaria, "The adult artemisinin dose was 500 mg; children aged < 15 years received 10 mg/kg per dose" and thus the dose for an 80-lb child would be 363 mg per day by these criteria.24 I commonly use artemisinin at 100 mg twice per day (with other antimicrobial botanicals such as berberine) in divided doses for adults with dysbiosis. One of the additional benefits of artemisinin is its systemic bioavailability.

St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum): Best known for its antidepressant action, hyperforin fromHypericum perforatum also shows impressive antibacterial action, particularly against gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus agalactiae. According to in vitro studies, the lowest effective hyperforin concentration is 0.1 mcg/mL against Corynebacterium diphtheriae with increasing effectiveness against multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus at higher concentrations of 100 mcg/mL.25 Since oral dosing with hyperforin can result in serum levels of 500 nanogram /mL (equivalent to 0.5 microgram/mL) it's possible that high-dose hyperforin will have systemic antibacterial action. Regardless of its possible systemic antibacterial effectiveness, hyperforin clearly should have antibacterial action when applied "topically," such as when it's taken orally against gastric and upper intestinal colonization. Extracts from St. John's Wort hold particular promise against multidrug-resistantStaphylococcus aureus26 and perhaps Helicobacter pylori.27

 

Myrrh (Commiphora molmol): Myrrh is remarkably effective against parasitic infections.28 A recent clinical trial against schistosomiasis showed "The parasitological cure rate after three months was 97.4 percent and 96.2 percent for S. haematobium and S. mansoni cases with the marvelous clinical cure without any side-effects."29

 

Bismuth: Bismuth commonly is used in the empiric treatment of diarrhea (e.g., "Pepto-Bismol") and commonly is combined with other antimicrobial agents to reduce drug resistance and increase antibiotic effectiveness.30

 

Peppermint (Mentha piperita): Peppermint shows antimicrobial and antispasmodic actions and has demonstrated clinical effectiveness in patients with bacterial overgrowth of the small bowel.

 

Uva ursi: Uva ursi can be used against gastrointestinal pathogens on a limited basis per culture and sensitivity findings; its primary historical and modern use is as a urinary antiseptic that is effective only when the urine pH is alkaline.31 Components of uva ursi potentiate antibiotics.32 This herb has some ocular and neurologic toxicity and should be used with professional supervision for low-dose and/or short-term administration only.33

 

Garlic: Garlic shows in vitro antimicrobial action against numerous microorganisms, including H. pylori, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans, and this effect is mediated directly via microbicidal actions, as well as indirectly via dissolution of microbial biofilms34 and inhibition of quorum sensing.35However, since the antimicrobial components of garlic likely are absorbed in the upper gastrointestinal tract, I propose that it's unlikely that garlic can exert a clinically significant antidysbiotic effect in the lower small intestine and colon. In fact, two studies in humans have shown that despite its in vitro effectiveness against H. pylori, garlic is ineffective in the treatment of gastric H. pylori colonization.36,37 While these studies argue against the use of garlic as antimicrobial monotherapy, the possibility remains that garlic might enhance the clinical effectiveness of other antimicrobial therapeutics via its aforementioned ability to weaken microbial biofilms and to impair quorum sensing, which otherwise serve to protect yeast/bacteria from immune attack and from antibacterial/antifungal therapeutics.

 

Cranberry: Particularly effective for the prevention and adjunctive treatment of urinary tract infections, mostly by inhibiting adherence of E. coli to epithelial cells.38

 

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris): Thyme extracts have direct antimicrobial actions and also potentiate the effectiveness of tetracycline against drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.39 Thyme also appears effective against Aeromonas hydrophila.40

 

Clove (Syzygium species): Clove's eugenol has been shown in animal studies to have a potent antifungal effect.41

 

Anise: Although it has weak antibacterial action when used alone, anise does show in vitro activity against molds.42

 

Buchu/betulina: Buchu has a long history of use against urinary tract infections and systemic infections.43

 

Caprylic acid: Caprylic acid is a medium chain fatty acid that is commonly used in patients with dysbiosis, particularly that which has a fungal/yeast component. Beside empiric use, caprylic acid might be indicated by culture-sensitivity results provided with comprehensive parasitology.

 

Dill (Anethum graveolens): Dill shows activity against several types of mold and yeast.44

 

Brucea javanica: Extract from Brucea javanica fruit shows in vitro activity against Babesia gibsoni,Plasmodium falciparum,45 Entamoeba histolytica46 and Blastocystis hominis.47,48

 

Acacia catechu: Acacia catechu shows moderate in vitro activity against Salmonella typhi.49

 

Oral administration of proteolytic enzymes: The use of polyenzyme therapy in patients with dysbiotic inflammation is justified for at least four reasons. First, orally administered proteolytic enzymes are efficiently absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract into the systemic circulation50 to then provide a clinically significant anti-inflammatory benefit, as I reviewed recently.51 Second and more specifically, oral administration of proteolytic enzymes generally is believed to reduce the adverse effects of immune complexes,52 which play an important role in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, Sjogren's syndrome, and polyarteritis nodosa. Third, proteolytic enzymes have been shown to stimulate immune function53 and might thereby promote clearance of occult infections. Fourth, proteolytic enzymes inhibit formation of microbial biofilms and increase immune penetration and the effectiveness of antimicrobial therapeutics.54 Although individual enzymes might be used in isolation, enzyme therapy generally is delivered in the form of polyenzyme preparations containing pancreatin, bromelain, papain, amylase, lipase, trypsin and alpha-chymotrypsin.

 

Probiotic supplementation ("crowd out the bad with the good"): For most patients with gastrointestinal and genitourinary dysbiosis, supplementation with Bifidobacteria, Lactobacillus, and perhaps Saccharomyces and other beneficial strains is essential. The wide-ranging and well-documented benefits seen with probiotic supplementation provide direct support for the importance of microbial balance in health and disease. Supplementation with probiotics (live bacteria) is the best option, however prebiotics (such as fructooligosaccarides), and synbiotics (probiotics + prebiotics) also might be used. Synbiotic supplementation has been shown to reduce endotoxinemia and clinical symptoms in 50 percent of patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy,55 and probiotic supplementation safely ameliorated the adverse effects of bacterial overgrowth in a clinical study of patients with renal failure.56

 

Immunonutrition: Obviously, the diet should be nutritious and free of sugars and other "junk foods" that promote inflammation and suppress immune function.57 Especially in patients with gastrointestinal dysbiosis, vitamin and mineral supplementation should be used to counteract the effects of malabsorption, maldigestion and hypermetabolism that accompany immune activation. Additionally, oral glutamine in doses of six grams, three times daily can help normalize intestinal permeability, enhance immune function, and improve clinical outcomes in severely ill patients. Zinc and vitamin A supplementation are each well known to support immune function against infection. Selenium has clinically important anti-inflammatory and antiviral actions. Vitamin D supplementation reduces inflammation, protects against autoimmunity, and promotes immunity against viral and bacterial infections.58 Supplementation with IgG from bovine colostrum also can provide benefit against chronic and acute infections. Extracts from bovine thymus are safe for clinical use in humans and have shown anti-infective and anti-inflammatory benefits in elderly patients,59 as well as antirheumatic/anti-inflammatory benefits in patients with autoimmune diseases;60,61,62 in an animal study of experimental dental disease, administration of thymus extract was shown to normalize immune function and reduce orodental dysbiosis.63

 

Hepatobiliary stimulation for IgA-complex removal: As I suggested recently,64 stimulation of bile flow with botanical medicines such as beets, ginger,65 curcumin/turmeric,66 Picrorhiza,67 milk thistle,68Andrographis paniculata,69 and Boerhaavia diffusa70 might exert an anti-rheumatic benefit via facilitation of hepatic clearance of IgA-containing immune complexes. Validation of this hypothesis requires a clinical trial with pre- and post-intervention measurement of serum immune complexes and other clinical indexes.

 

Ensure generous bowel movements and consider therapeutic purgatives (purge: to free from impurities): Dysbiotic patients should consume a low-fermentation, fiber-rich diet that allows for 1-2 very generous bowel movements per day. Patients with severe or recalcitrant gastrointestinal dysbiosis can start the day with a laxative dose of ascorbic acid (e.g., 20 grams with four 8-ounce cups of water) and should expect liquid diarrhea within 30-60 minutes. The goal here is purgative physical removal of enteric microbes; in high concentrations, ascorbic acid has a direct antibacterial effect. Magnesium in elemental doses of 500-1,500 mg also helps soften stool and promote laxation.

Regardless of whether we use the terms "occult infections," "silent infections," "autointoxication" or "dysbiosis," health care professionals of all disciplines should appreciate the following two facts: 1. The scientific basis for dysbiosis-induced disease is well-established and the molecular mechanisms have been sufficiently elucidated. 2. A clear majority of patients with autoimmune/inflammatory disorders experience significant clinical benefit from a comprehensive treatment protocol that addresses food allergies/intolerances, anti-inflammatory nutrition, xenobiotic immunotoxicity, orthoendocrinology, and eradication of multifocal dysbiosis.9 As the science of health care advances, we see more and more clearly through the façade of the simplistic pharmacocentric model that focuses on single drugs for single pathways, while ignoring the underlying causes of disease.71 The better we understand the complex, web-like interconnections of physiological factors72 that synergize to create the phenomena of inflammation and so-called "autoimmunity," the better we can appreciate the common-sense "treat the cause" approach employed by naturopathic physicians for the restoration of health.

 

In addition the following supplements are good to support gastrointestinal disbalances:

    • Triphala
    • Turmeric
    • Oregano oil
    • Ginger
    • Thyme
    • Golden seal
    • Clove
    • Berberine
    • Licorishe (note that this herb can raise blood pressure)
    • Slippery Elm
    • Myrrh
    • Oregon Grape
    • Bismuth Citrate
    • Bentonite Clay
    • Baking Soda
    • Mastic gum
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin D 
    • Coconut Oil
    • Manuka honey
    • Garlic and cruciferous vegetables (although the latter should be used in moderation by those with hypothyroidism, and both avoided by those who have a sulfur detox pathway problem called CBS)